CANSail Requirements for CANSail 4

All areas are assessed based on further development required by the student or they are performing the task consistently.



  • Demonstrate optimal body posture in varying conditions
  • Heel to assist with acceleration
  • Skipper/crew demonstrate optimal body position in all conditions
  • Move body and trim board to promote planing and surfing


Sail Trim

  • Trim leech profile for optimal height and power in all conditions
  • Trim sails for conditions using all available sail controls
  • Sheet to maintain correct boat balance in all conditions
  • Depower using sail controls, steering and sheeting



  • Steer to keep telltales flying 90% of the time in all conditions
  • Steer boat to promote planning and surfing


Head Up

  • Head up around a mark
  • Settle into upwind mode within 20 seconds of heading up
  • Adjust all sail controls in correct order to head up
  • Demonstrate a tactical rounding (wide/close)


Bear Off

  • Perform a bear away set around a mark
  • Perform a gybe set around a mark
  • Adjust all sail controls in correct order to bear off
  • Demonstrate a tactical rounding
  • Settle into downwind mode within 20 seconds of bear away
  • Bear off and duck another boat while beating



  • Tack on a header
  • Tack on command and at 30 second intervals
  • Perform a double tack on command
  • Select an appropriate spot to tack in choppy conditions



  • Gybe on command and at 30 second intervals, without flogging jib
  • Gybe on a lift
  • Perform a double gybe on command
  • Select a wave and gybe while surfing



  • Perform emergency stops in all conditions
  • Use a transit to stop on a start line



  • Accelerate out from a mark
  • Accelerate off a start line with a start sequence (using flags)
  • Accelerate from a stop when lined up with other boats



  • Use more than one method to sail slowly
  • Hold boat within 1 boat length of mark for 20 seconds



  • Describe how cirrus, stratus and cumulus clouds affect weather
  • Tune rig each day for the training conditions



  • Describe persistent, oscillating and geographical wind shifts
  • Identify the favoured end of the start line while sailing
  • Identify major factors affecting tide and current
  • Describe the rules in sections 2c and 2d of the rules
  • Describe how to trim to apparent wind


Physical Literacy

  • Participate in a daily physical warm up prior to training


Mental Training

  • Set skill/process based goals for training and racing sessions
  • Maintain a written log book throughout training
  • Participate in a 1-2 day local regatta